The delimitation of burned areas is an important step for the study of forest fires, and the use of satellite remote sensing allows a scalable methodology. Previous studies use a dNBR threshold to determine the presence of burned areas, but this threshold is affected by vegetation variability determined by the geography of the study area and land use coverage. For them, the difference in the normalized index of burned areas (dNBR) was used to study the mega fires that affected the central zone of Chile in the summer of 2017. An automated methodology was developed that, based on satellite images and polygons of the burned areas provided by the National Forestry Corporation of Chile (CONAF) generates a set of dNBR thresholds differentiated by administrative region and land use. The application of differentiated dNBR thresholds significantly improves the accuracy of the burnt area delimitation model, although it does not achieve satisfactory results for all land uses. This methodological advance will make it possible to improve the design and control of policies for the prevention, conservation and restoration of ecosystems affected by forest fires.
El Atlas MBHT es el resultado de una exitosa colaboración entre la Subsecretaría de Desarrollo Regional y Administrativo (Subdere) y el Centro de Inteligencia Territorial (CIT) del Design Lab (Escuela de Diseño) de la Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez. Este valioso recurso consta de cinco tomos que albergan imágenes georreferenciadas, poniendo de manifiesto las brechas, desafíos y oportunidades presentes en los territorios de las 16 regiones, 56 provincias y 345 comunas de Chile.
Objetos y espacios performativos explora el campo de performance y los estudios de performance para explicar y expandir las potencialidades que tiene el diseño al relacionarse con otros saberes y prácticas, ideando y proyectando mundos. El libro examina momentos claves en nuestra historia reciente para observar, explicar y establecer las posibilidades de ciertas prácticas de performance en la academia y en entornos de disciplinas creativas. Así, busca llegar a un público diverso, interesado en campos expandidos de la arquitectura, el diseño, las artes, las comunicaciones, la tecnología y la ingeniería, entre otras posibilidades
El Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino y Escondida | BHP presentan Chamanismo: Visiones fuera del tiempo, una exposición que introduce y pone en el presente las prácticas chamánicas de los pueblos que habitaron y habitan América a través de representaciones, objetos y experiencias visuales de extraordinaria calidad estética.
TAIRA’s exhibition design not only presented stories of archaeological objects that are significant of the past, it also gave an account of the physical location in which this rock-art is located, at Loa’s Valley River, in the north of Chile. The proposed design experience was meant to highlight all the discoveries on the research conducted for more than a decade. The exhibition, through a form of an immersive display, was developed with different specialists to look for different scopes; spaces of participation, spaces of reflection and experience as well as spaces of immersive technologies that somehow enhanced different dimensions to "construct" different moments of performance, in order to gain the spectator’s attention who were visiting the museum. The main challenge was to “transport” the spacetime of TAIRA’s shelter to the exhibit space in Santiago, located at the Chilean Pre-Columbian Art Museum, and vice versa, at the same time, to transport visitors from the rooms of the museum to the spaces of TAIRA’s eave in the valley of the Loa River. The exhibition considered a narrative script from three different approaches: ethnographic studies, site documentation and archeological objects. These combined approaches unfolded through the different rooms and permitted to build up the space-time of TAIRA’s eave through the spaces of the museum. The data compiled in this exhibition was the result of several years of research done by a group of national and international researchers and professionals.
For at least two decades, Chile has witnessed intensive processes of urban regeneration, mainly by a densification of vast areas. This article offers a new review of residential densification, not through the lens of building height or architectural massiveness, but rather by considering residential density as an opportunity to introduce circular economy cycles on a local scale. The article supports the hypothesis that a building, with a high concentration of households, is a chance to induce a small- scale alternative, which is less time consuming and demands less coordination than other initiatives that require system-wide innovations. In order to better extract the maximum value from resources, to recover and regenerate products and materials, it seems common-sense to design a process as close as possible to where the resources are used, as well as look into the architectural design of residential buildings and evaluate the degree of needed adaption to transform high density architecture into a local factory of circular economy. Focusing on a single case study in the city of Santiago, as an exercise of adaptation, the aim is to create a waste reducing design, with the possibility of redefining products and services.