Universidad Adolfo Ibañez


Félix Raspall - Mohit Arora, Lynette Cheah, Arlindo Silva

The residential built environment plays a crucial role in supporting many human activities. In urban areas however, high-rise residential buildings require significant investment of material resources, which are stacked for a long time over the building's lifetime. Assessing the Material Stock (MS) of buildings has been the focus of several studies for insights into in-use materials and their potential availability as secondary resources. The study of material circularity, or the potential to reuse materials emerging from end-of-life buildings, has so far been mostly limited to metals. This study argues that material stock analysis at individual material or material categories e.g. mineral, or metals, need to be complemented with building component stock estimations to enhance the potential for secondary resource recovery. Based on a bottom-up stock analysis approach, we estimate both the material and component stock of public housing developments in the city-state of Singapore and associated annual in- and out-flows. Results show that public housing in this city, which accommodates over 80 percent of its residents, accounts for 125.7 million tons of non-metallic minerals, 6.52 million tons of steel, 6.45 million windows, 8.61 million doors, 1.97 million toilet accessories, 15.33 million lighting fixtures, 0.99 million kitchen accessories (such as cookstove, kitchen cabinets) and 52.54 million m2 of tiles. The average stock of materials for these residential buildings is estimated at 27.4 tons of non-metallic minerals per capita and 1.4 tons of steel per capita. The average annual inflow of materials has been estimated to be 1.94 million tons for concrete and 0.1 million tons of steel, with a considerably low outflow of 0.31 million tons concrete and 0.02 million tons of steel, implying growth in these material stocks. This study provides a methodological approach to quantify building material and component stock and flows, which can be used by policy makers, urban planners and designers to consider responsible resource consumption. In particular, material and component stock estimations like that reported in this study contribute towards component-level circularity in the built environment.

Félix Raspall - Chadurvedi Venkatesan, Rajkumar Velu, Nahaad Vaheed, Tong-Earn Tay & Arlindo Silva

Automated fibre placement (AFP) is an advanced manufacturing process with a built-in heat and pressure system, an effective method for in situ consolidation of composite parts. In the present study, carbon fibre PA-6 prepregs were laminated by an IR-assisted AFP system, and the effect of process parameters on the resulting part quality was studied. Of the six fundamental process parameters, two parameters, i.e., laying speed and IR power were identified to be critical. Hence, the current study is focussed on the optimization of these two parameters while keeping the others constant. Three different combinations of IR power and laying speed were deduced to be optimised parameters for the material system used. In general, the laying speed should be increased along with the appropriate increase in IR power. Through visual and microstructural inspection, the laminate manufactured with these optimised parameters were found to have fewer defects and better consolidation when compared with samples manufactured with unoptimised combinations.

Félix Raspall - Carlos Bañon

Highlights how architectural design is advancing fast 3D printing developments Includes a total of ten in-depth case studies Presents the disciplinary implications of ongoing manufacturing revolution

Valentina Rozas-Krause

¿Deben resistir los monumentos? Monumentos caídos: notas sobre nuestra actual estatuofobia

Valentina Rozas-Krause

Monument is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture and Het Nieuwe Instituut.

Valentina Rozas-Krause - Daniel Coslett (editor)

Neocolonialism and Built Heritage Echoes of Empire in Africa, Asia, and Europe

Tomás Folch

Folch, Tomás. (2020). Edificio Hamlet. ARQ

Tomás Folch

Folch, Tomás. (2020). Andes Mountain Strategic Plan. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/503/1/012103